Through its Ready Campaign, the Federal Emergency Management Agency educates and empowers Americans to take some simple steps to prepare for and respond to potential emergencies, including natural disasters and terrorist attacks.
Ready asks individuals to do three key things:
- Get an emergency supply kit.
- Make a family emergency plan.
- Be informed about the different types of emergencies that could occur and their appropriate responses.
All Americans should have some basic supplies on hand in order to survive for at least three days if an emergency occurs. Following is a listing of some basic items that every emergency supply kit should include. However, it is important that individuals review this list and consider where they live and the unique needs of their family in order to create an emergency supply kit that will meet these needs. Individuals should also consider having at least two emergency supply kits one full kit at home and smaller portable kits in their workplace.
Recommended Items to Include in a Basic Emergency Supply Kit: Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days for drinking and sanitation, Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food, Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both, Flashlight or headlamp and extra batteries, First aid kit, Whistle to signal for help, Dust mask to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place, Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation, Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities, Can opener for food (if kit contains canned food), Local maps.
Additional Items to Consider Adding to an Emergency Supply Kit:
Prescription medications and glasses, Infant formula and diapers, Pet food and extra water for your pet, Important family documents such as copies of insurance policies, identification and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container, Cash or traveler’s checks and change, Emergency reference material such as a first aid book or information from www.ready.gov, Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person. Consider additional bedding if you live in a cold-weather climate. A complete change of clothing including a long sleeved shirt, long pants and sturdy shoes. Consider additional clothing if you live in a cold-weather climate. Fire Extinguisher, Matches in a waterproof container, Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items, Mess kits, paper cups, plates and plastic utensils, paper towels, Paper and pencil, Books, games, puzzles or other activities for children.
*Please note that The Perfect Prepper is not affiliated with FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency). The above information is from the official fema.gov website at fema.gov.